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Saturday, February 8, 2020

Prelims booster(Micro notes), current affairs - 5 ,6 Feb,2020

Soil Health Cards (SHC) scheme

  • Scheme issues Soil health cards to farmers which will carry crop-wise recommendations of nutrients and fertilisers required for the individual farms.
  • Scheme has led to a decline of 8-10% in the use of chemical fertilizers and also raised productivity by 5-6%.
  • In the second phase of the scheme’s implementation, 11.69 crore Soil Health Cards were distributed to farmers in two years.
International IP Index 2020
  • It is released by U.S. Chamber of Commerce’s Global Innovation Policy Center (GIPC).
  • Index evaluates the IP(Innovation Policy) infrastructure in each economy based on 45 unique indicators, which are critical to the growth of effective IP systems.
  • The indicators encompass 8 categories of IP protection: patents, copyrights, trademarks, trade secrets, commercialization of IP assets, enforcement etc.
  • India ranked 40 out of 53 global economies.

Monetary Policy Committee (MPC)
  • MPC is a six-member committee constituted by the Central Government
  • Once in every six months, the Reserve Bank is required to publish a document called the Monetary Policy Report to explain: (1) the sources of inflation and(2) the forecast of inflation for 6-18 months ahead.
  • The committee comprises six members – three officials of the Reserve Bank of India and three external members nominated by the Government of India.
  • The Governor of Reserve Bank of India is the chairperson ex officio of the committee.
Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB)
Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB)
  • CPCB has the power to impose steep fines or shut a unit under the provisions of the Environment Protection Act.
  • Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) of India is a statutory organisation under the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC).
  • Established in 1974 under the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974.
  • CPCB is also entrusted with the powers and functions under the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981.
Navy will have its third Scorpene sub this year
  • The third Scorpene submarine, Karanj, will be delivered to the Indian Navy by December and all six submarine deliveries would be completed by 2022
  • The first Scorpene, Kulvari, was commissioned in 2018 and  second Scorpene Khanderi was inducted in September last year.
  • These are a class of diesel-electric attack submarines jointly developed by the French Direction des Constructions Navales (DCN) and the Spanish company Navantia, and now by Naval Group.

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