Simple way for IAS preparation

Tuesday, January 7, 2020

Prelims booster(Micro notes), current affairs with static portions - 06,07 January,2020

Zonal Councils
  • The 25th meeting of the western zonal council will be held in January 2020.
  • Statutory bodies established under the States Reorganisation Act 1956 
  • Aim:  to promote interstate cooperation and coordination.
  • There are five Zonal councils-The Northern Zonal Council(Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Punjab, Rajasthan, National Capital Territory of Delhi and Union Territory of Chandigarh),Central Zonal Council(Chhattisgarh, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh),Eastern Zonal Council(Bihar, Jharkhand, Orissa, and West Bengal),Western Zonal Council(Goa, Gujarat, Maharashtra and the Union Territories of Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli),Southern Zonal Council(Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and the Union Territory of Puducherry)
  • The Union Home Minister is the Chairman of each of these Councils and the Chief Ministers of the States included in each zone act as Vice-Chairman of the Zonal Council for that zone by rotation, each holding office for a period of one year at a time.
Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Electric Vehicles in India(FAME)-II Scheme
  • the Department of Heavy Industries has sanctioned 2636 charging stations in 62 cities across 24 States/UTs under FAME India scheme phase II.
  • FAME India is a part of the National Electric Mobility Mission Plan. 
  • Aims to boost electric mobility and increase the number of electric vehicles in commercial fleets.
  • Target: The outlay of ₹10,000 crore has been made for three years till 2022 for FAME 2 scheme.
  • The government will offer the incentives for electric buses, three-wheelers and four-wheelers to be used for commercial purposes and encourage interlinking of renewable energy sources with charging infrastructure.
Iran nuclear deal
  • Iran has completely withdrawn from JCPOA (Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action) nuclear deal(with US, UK, Russia, China, France and Germany) after the US troops killed General Qassem Soleimani.
  • Under the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPoA)Tehran agreed to significantly cut its stores of centrifuges, enriched uranium and heavy-water, all key components for nuclear weapons.
  • Implications for India:India’s third biggest supplier (after Iraq and Saudi Arabia) -impacted on oil price,impact the development of Chahbahar port.
  • Global Implications:Down trends in global economy;big economy like India,China may suffer;Iran may block Strait of Hormuz;US may cancel airlines from US to India because they pass over Iran-affect airspace industry.
Ujala scheme
  • Fifth anniversary of the Centre`s zero subsidy `Unnat Jyoti by Affordable LEDs for All` (UJALA) scheme
  • UJALA is a flagship project of the Govt. of India, where it promote to use LED bulbs so that the net power or energy consumption rate comes down and the carbon emission rates can also be checked.
  • The scheme is being implemented by Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL), a joint venture of PSUs under the Union Ministry of Power.
Project NETRA
  •  Indian Space Research Organisation(ISRO) has sign a pact with Indian Institute of Astrophysics (IIA) for collaboration in establishing optical telescope facilities under Project ‘NETRA’ for tracking space objects.
  • Under the project, the ISRO plans to put up many observational facilities: connected radars, telescopes; data processing units and a control centre.
  • The project will give India its own capability in space situational awareness (SSA) like the other space powers.
  •  It is used to ‘predict’ threats from debris to Indian satellites,warning about and mitigating space debris.
National Disaster Response Fund
  • Centre releases Rs 5908 cr for flood relief to 7 states(Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, Tripura, Assam, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Himachal Pradesh) from the National Disaster Relief Fund.
  • It is a fund managed by the Central Government for meeting the expenses for emergency response, relief and rehabilitation due to any threatening disaster situation or disaster.
  • Located in the “Public Accounts” of Government of India under “Reserve Funds not bearing interest“.
  • Financed through the levy of a cess on certain items, chargeable to excise and customs duty, and approved annually through the Finance Bill.
  • Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG) audits the accounts of NDRF.
Belum Caves
  • Belum Caves in Andhra Pradesh is the second longest cave(after Krem Liat Prah caves in Meghalaya)in the Indian subcontinent open to public.
  • Belum caves are renowned for their speleothem structures, such as stalactite and stalagmite formations.
  • The caves hold immense historical significance as there are several indications that these were occupied by Jain and Buddhist monks many centuries ago
Great Indian Bustards (GIB)
Great Indian Bustards (GIB)
  • Found in Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh.
  • Identified as one of the species for the recovery programme under the Integrated Development of Wildlife Habitats of the Ministry of Environment and Forests.
  • Listed in Schedule I of the Indian Wildlife (Protection)Act, 1972 and in the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS Convention and in Appendix I of   Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora(CITES).
  • IUCN status: critically endangered.
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