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Monday, January 27, 2020

Prelims booster(Micro notes), current affairs with static portions - 27 January,2020

Inland Waterways Authority of India(IWAI)
Inland Waterways Authority of India(IWAI)

  • IWAI is the statutory body in charge of the waterways in India.
  • It mainly build the necessary infrastructure in the inland waterways, surveying the economic feasibility of new projects and also carrying out administration and regulation.
  • Its headquarters is located in Noida, UP.
Kalasa-Banduri project 
  • The project involves diverting water from Mahadayi river, the lifeline of Goa, into the Malaprabha river.
  • Mahadayi river originates from a cluster of 30 springs at Bhimgad in the Western Ghats in the Belgaum district of Karnataka. Then it enters Goa and finally drains in Arabian sea.
  • The Kalasa Banduri project is aimed at providing drinking water to three important districts of north Karnataka (Belagavi, Gadag and Dharwad )
Archaea
  • They are a primitive group of microorganisms that thrive in extreme habitats such as hot springs, cold deserts and hypersaline lakes.
  • These slow-growing organisms are also present in the human gut, and have a potential relationship with human health.
  • They are known for producing antimicrobial molecules, and for anti-oxidant activity with applications in eco-friendly waste-water treatment.
Income Tax Appellate Tribunal (ITAT)
  • It is a quasi-judicial institution set up in 1941 under section 5A of the Income Tax Act, 1922.
  • It deals with appeals under the Direct Taxes Acts namely, the Income-tax Act, 1961.
  • The orders passed by the ITAT are final, an appeal lies to the High Court only if a substantial question of law arises for determination.
National Initiative for School Heads and Teachers Holistic Advancement(NISHTHA)
  • NISHTHA is the world’s largest teachers’ training programme of its kind in the world.
  • It has been launched to improve Learning Outcomes at the Elementary level.
  • The initiative is first of its kind wherein standardized training modules are developed at national level for all States and UTs.
  • The basic objective of this massive training programme is to motivate and equip teachers to encourage and foster critical thinking in students.
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