Simple way for IAS preparation

Sunday, January 5, 2020

Prelims booster(Micro notes), current affairs with static portions - weekly Compilation( 30 December-4 January)

Instrument of Accession
  • From 2020, people in the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir will have a public holiday on 26 October for the first time. 
  • The day, which will be observed as Accession Day, marks the signing of the Instrument of Accession(legal document ) by the last Dogra ruler of J&K, Maharaja Hari Singh, with the then Governor-General of India, Lord Mountbatten  on October 26, 1947.
  • It declared that the state of Jammu and Kashmir accedes to India and gave India’s Parliament the power to legislate in respect of J&K only on the matters of defence, external affairs and communications.
  • Using Instrument of Accession, Article 370 was incorporated in the Constitution of India.
SnowEx
SnowEx

  • NASA has launched a seasonal campaign called SnowEx for better understand how water is contained in each winter’s snowfall and how much will be available when it melts in the spring.
  • Aim is to address the most important gaps in our snow remote sensing knowledge and lay the groundwork for a future snow satellite mission.
  • It assesses where snow has fallen, how much there is and how its characteristics change as it melts. 
  • It uses airborne measurements, ground measurements and computer modelling
 Deposit insurance
  • The finance ministry and the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority (IRDAI) seek insurance for bank deposits above Rs 1 lakh aftermath of the Punjab and Maharashtra Cooperative (PMC) Bank scam.
  • Deposit insurance is providing insurance protection to the depositor’s money by receiving a premium.
  • The government has set up Deposit Insurance and Credit Guarantee Corporation (DICGC) under RBI to protect depositors if a bank fails.
  • Every insured bank pays premium amounting to 0.001% of its deposits to DICGC every year.
  • When a bank is liquidated, depositors are entitled to receive an insurance amount of ₹1 lakh( principal + interest)per individual from the Deposit Insurance and Credit Guarantee Corporation of India (DICGC).
UN backs Russia on internet convention
  • The United Nations has approved a Russian-led bid that aims to create a new convention on cybercrime.
  • The General Assembly approved the resolution sponsored by Russia and backed by China, which would set up a committee of international experts in 2020.
  • A new UN treaty on cybercrime could render the Budapest Convention obsolete, further alarming rights groups and Western powers that fear a bid to restrict online freedom.
  • The Budapest Convention was drafted by the Council of Europe, but other countries have joined, including the United States and Japan.
  • Budapest convention  is the first international treaty seeking to address Internet and computer crime by harmonizing national laws, improving investigative techniques, and increasing cooperation among nations.
  • Russia has opposed the Budapest Convention, arguing that giving investigators access to computer data across borders violates national sovereignty.
Electro-kinetic streaming
  • The Indian Institute of Technology-Guwahati (IIT-G) researchers have developed materials that can produce energy from flowing or stagnant water in households.
  • Electro-kinetic streaming potential: When fluids stream through tiny channels that are charged, they can generate an electrical voltage, which may be harnessed through miniaturised generators.
  • Devices with doped graphene(form of carbon) flakes was also fabricated for generating power by dipping it in a bucket of water or any stagnant water source to “complementary charge transfer activities”
  • Graphene is the sheet produced by oxidation followed by reduction of natural graphite flakes.
Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act (AFSPA)
  • It gives armed forces the power to maintain public order in “disturbed areas”.
  • They have the authority to prohibit a gathering of five or more persons in an area, can use force or even open fire after giving due warning if they feel a person is in contravention of the law.
  • The Central Government, or the Governor of the State or administrator of the Union Territory can declare the whole or part of the State or Union Territory as a disturbed area.
Sustainable Development Goal Index
Sustainable Development Goal Index
  • NITI Aayog has released the 2019 SDG India Index.
  • The index evaluates progress of States and Union Territories on social, economic and environmental parameters.
  • The SDG India Index, launched last year by Niti Aayog with the help of United Nations, took into account 16 out of 17 goals specified by the United Nations as SDGs .
  • Kerala retained the top rank and 
  • Himachal Pradesh took the second spot while Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Telangana shared the third spot.
  • Chandigarh maintained its top spot among the UTs.
  • Bihar, Jharkhand and Arunachal Pradesh are the worst performing states.
Central Equipment Identity Register (CEIR)
  • The government has launched a web portal, ‘Central Equipment Identity Register (CEIR)’, to facilitate blocking and tracing of stolen/lost mobile phones in Delhi.
  • The launch of the project in Delhi.
  •  It will facilitate  request for blocking of stolen or lost mobile phone by customers; blocking of such mobile phones across mobile networks; sharing of traceability data with the Police; and unblocking of recovered/ found stolen or lost mobile phones etc.
  • The web portal was first launched in Mumbai.
Bhima-Koregaon battle of 1818
  • The battle was fought between the British East India Company and the Peshwa faction of the Maratha Confederacy, at Koregaon Bhima,  a small village in Pune district of Maharashtra.
  • A few hundred Mahar soldiers of the East India Company, led by the British, defeated the massive Peshwa army, led by Peshwa Bajirao II.
  • The Dalits who follow BR Ambedkar view this battle as a victory of Mahars over the injustice and torture meted out to them by the Brahminical Peshwas.
Department of Military Affairs (DMA)
  • Created in the Defence Ministry and General Bipin Rawat who is the new Chief of the Defence Staff (CDS) will head it.
  • The DMA will be the fifth department in the Ministry after the Department of Defence, the Department of Defence Production, the Department of Defence Research and Development and the Department of Ex-Servicemen Welfare.
  • The DMA’s mandate includes promoting jointness in procurement, training and staffing for the Services; facilitating restructuring of the military commands for optimal utilisation of resources by bringing about a jointness in operations, including through the establishment of joint/theatre commands and promoting use of indigenous equipment.
Indian History Congress
Indian History Congress
  •  Recently, the 80th session of the Indian History Congress (IHC) was held at Kannur, Kerala.
  • Founded in 1935, the Indian History Congress(IHC) is the largest association of professional historians in South Asia.
  • It called upon political and administrative authorities to pursue the constitutional duty of promoting composite culture, which is vital to promoting the territorial unity of India.
  • The Bharata Itihasa Samshodhaka Mandala (BISM-founded by Vishwanath Kashinath Rajwade in 1910)organised an All India Congress in 1935 to celebrate its silver jubilee in Pune. As an outcome, the Indian History Congress (IHC) was born with about 50 delegates.
Merchant Discount Rate(MDR)
  • From January onwards, all companies with a turnover of Rs 50 crore or more need to provide the facility of payment through RuPay Debit card and UPI QR code to their customers, under which no MDR fee will be charged from customers as well as merchants
  • It is a fee charged from a merchant by a bank for accepting payments from customers through credit and debit cards in their establishments.
  • MDR charges are usually shared in pre-agreed proportion between the bank and a merchant and is expressed in percentage of transaction amount.
Import duty on crude, refined palm oils Cut
  • Acting on the ASEAN and the India-Malaysia Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreements, the Centre slashed import duty on refined palmolein from 50% to 45%, while that on crude palm oil (CPO) from 40% to 37.5%.
  • The action is said to have a serious impact on the domestic palm oil refining industry and oilseeds farmers.
  • Association of Southeast Asian Nations(ASEAN ) was formed in 1967, by Thailand, Singapore, Philippines, Malaysia, and Indonesia and extended to include Vietnam, Burma, Laos, Cambodia, and Brunei.
Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana
  •  252 out of 790 Members  of Parliament (MPs) have adopted gram panchayats under phase-4 of Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY).
  • It is a village development project under which each Member of Parliament will take the responsibility of developing physical and institutional infrastructure in three villages by 2019.
  • The goal is to develop three Adarsh Grams or model villages by March 2019, of which one would be achieved by 2016. Thereafter, five such Adarsh Grams (one per year) will be selected and developed by 2024.
  • The Project was launched in 2014 on the occasion of birth anniversary of Lok Nayak Jai Prakash Narayan.
Guru Gobind Singh
  • The birth anniversary of Guru Gobind Singh was celebrated on January 2nd this year.
  • He was the 10th Sikh guru,born at Patna, Bihar, India, on December 22, 1666. 
  • He became the Sikh guru at the age of nine, following the demise of father, Guru Tegh Bahadur, the ninth Sikh Guru.
  • He is known for his contributions to the Sikh religion, including the introduction of the turban to cover hair.
  • He also founded the principles of Khalsa .
  • Followers of the Sikh faith religiously follow the morals and codes of discipline set up by Guru Gobind Singh.
  • He named Guru Granth Sahib, the religious text of the Khalsas and the Sikhs, as the next Guru of the two communities.
Gaganyaan mission
Gaganyaan mission

  • The ISRO Chairman announced in a press briefing that four astronauts have been selected for the country’s first manned mission to space, called Gaganyaan.
  • ISRO aims to launch its maiden Human Space Mission, Gaganyaan before the 75th anniversary of India’s independence in 2022.
  • Objectives of the Mission:-hancement of science and technology,Improvement of industrial growth,Inspiring youth,Improving international collaboration etc.
  • India will be the fourth country(USA,Russia and China)to launch human space mission.
Indian Science Congress
  • 107th Indian Science Congress, will be held from January 3 to 7, 2020 at University of Agricultural Sciences, Bengaluru.
  • The main focus of this year’s congress will be on Rural Development( ranging from farmers innovation on integrated agriculture and entrepreneurship for doubling farmers income, climate change, bio-diversity, conservation, agrarian distress etc) through Science and Technology.
  • Indian Science Congress Association is a premier scientific organisation of India with headquarters at Kolkata, West Bengal.
  • The association started in the year 1914 in Kolkata and it meets annually in the first week of January.
Aadhaar must for Welfare Pension in Odisha
National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP)
  • The Odisha government has announced that only beneficiaries with Aadhaar card will be given pension under the National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP) and the Madhubabu Pension Yojana (MBPY).
  • NSAP is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme of the Government of India that provides financial assistance to the elderly, widows and persons with disabilities in the form of social pensions.
  •  The MBPY beneficiaries, who include elderly, widows, persons with disabilities and HIV/AIDS-affected patients, get ₹500 to ₹700 per month. But they must not be part of any Central schemes
  • Significant step towards the fulfillment of the Directive Principles in Article 41 of the Constitution.
Sugar production fallen
  • The country’s sugar production has fallen sharply by 30.22% to 7.79 million tonne (MT) in the first three months of current marketing year ending September.
  • Price of sugarcane is fixed by the centre/State, while the price of sugar is market determined.
  • Fair and remunerative price (FRP-fixed by Union government on the basis of recommendations of Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices) is the minimum price at which rate sugarcane is to be purchased by sugar mills from farmers.
  • This will be  applicable all over the country. Besides FRP, some states such as Punjab, Haryana, Uttarakhand, UP and TN announce a State Advised Price, which is generally higher than the FRP. 
DRDO Young Scientists Laboratories (DYSL)
  • Five defence laboratories led by under-35 directors and young military scientists were formally launched by Government.
  • The Young Scientists Laboratories are located in five cities in different parts of the country viz, Kolkata, Hyderabad, Mumbai, Chennai, and Bengaluru.
  • Objective: To drive the country’s war technologies of the future under the Defence Research & Development Organisation.
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