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Thursday, January 30, 2020

Prelims booster(Micro notes), current affairs - 30 January,2020

HCFC-141b
  • Hydrochlorofluorocarbon (HCFC)-141 b is one of the most potent ozone depleting chemical after Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and used mainly as a blowing agent in the production of rigid polyurethane (PU) foams.
  • HCFC-141b is not produced in India and all the domestic requirements are met through imports. India stopped the iissuance of import license for HCFC-141b from 1st Jan 2020, through by Environment Ministry.
  • The complete phase out of HCFC 141 b from the country in foam sector is among the first at this scale in Article 5 parties (developing countries) under the Montreal Protocol.
Nagoba jatara
Nagoba jatara
  • It is a tribal festival held in Keslapur village Adilabad district, Telangana,
  • It is the second biggest tribal carnival and celebrated by Mesaram clan of Gond tribes for 10 days.
  • Tribal people from Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, Orissa and Madhya Pradesh belonging to the Mesram clan offer prayers at the festival.
UN’s new rules for ships in the Arctic region
  • The IMO has banned ships from using fuels with a sulphur content above 0.5 per cent, compared with 3.5 per cent previously.
  • The new limits are monitored and enforced by national authorities of countries that are members of the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL) Annex VI.
  • Only ships fitted with sulphur-cleaning devices, known as scrubbers, are allowed to continue burning high-sulphur fuel. 
Yellow Rust Disease
  • Yellow Rust Disease detected in wheat crop in parts of Punjab & Haryana which  could eventually result in a drop of wheat crop productivity.
  • Yellow rust is a fungal disease which turns the crop’s leaves into a yellowish colour and stops photosynthesis activity
  • The recent rains in the region (sub-mountainous) coupled with a slight increase in the temperature and humid conditions are favourable for yellow rust.
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