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Thursday, January 23, 2020

Prelims booster(Micro notes), current affairs with static portions - 23 January,2020

Sub Categorization of other Backward Classes(OBC)
  • The National Commission for Backward Classes (NCBC) proposed the sub-categorisation of Other Backward Classes (OBCs) back in 2015.
  • In October 2017, President Ram Nath Kovind  appointed a commission(Article 340) to examine the issue of sub-categorisation of OBCs, chaired by retired Justice G. Rohini.
  • Aim to ensure social justice in an efficient manner by prioritising the Extremely Backward Classes (EBCs).
  •  The Union government is now seeking to ensure a more equitable distribution of reservation benefits by further differentiating caste groups coming under backward classes on the basis of their levels of social and economic backwardness.
EAO (East Asian Observatory)
EAO (East Asian Observatory)
  • India is discussing to be a part of the East Asian Observatories Consortium.
  • Formed  by EACOA (East Asian Core Observatories Association) for the purpose of pursuing joint projects in astronomy within the East Asian region.
  • The intention of EAO is to build and operate facilities, which will enhance and leverage existing and planned regional facilities.
  • The EAO is chartered as a non-profit Hawaii corporation;raise funding and to build an observatory staff, separate from that of the EACOA institutions.
  • It consists of China, Japan, Taiwan, Korea as full members and Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia and Indonesia as ‘observers’.
Democracy Index 2019
  • Democracy Index 2019 has been released by annually by The Economist Intelligence Unit.
  • It provides a snapshot of the state of world democracy for 165 independent states and two territories.
  • Parameters of index:-Electoral process and pluralism,Civil liberties,Functioning of government ,Political participation and Political culture.
  • Based on their scores,each country is then itself classified as one of four types of regime: full democracy; flawed democracy; hybrid regime; and authoritarian regime.
  • India is “flawed democracy” category and Bangladesh, USA are also same line.
  • China (2.26) and North Korea (bottom-ranked with 1.08) are categorised as “authoritarian regimes”.
  • Norway (top-ranked with 9.87) is counted as a “full democracy” and Other “full democracies” include Germany, the United Kingdom and France.
  • Its score, down from from 7.23 in 2018 to 6.90 in 2019, is its lowest ever since the Democracy Index was begun in 2006.
Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property
  • State-owned Khadi Village Industries Corporation is eyeing international trademark for 'khadi' under the Paris Convention for protection of industrial property.
  • Aim to To prevent any product from masquerading as ‘khadi’ nationally or globally.
  • presently protected through the Regulations issued in 2013 by the ministry of micro, small and medium enterprises, empower KVIC to grant ‘Khadi Mark’ registration and take royalties from any producer using the Khadi mark.
  • It is a multilateral treaty dealing with the protection of industrial property in the widest sense and the Convention has 177 contracting member countries.
  • Administered by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO).

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