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Tuesday, January 21, 2020

Prelims booster(Micro notes), current affairs with static portions - 21 January,2020

Kerala’s move to challenge CAA 
  • Recent controversy concerning the Kerala government’s move to the Supreme Court under Article 131 without first informing Governor to challenge the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019.
  • Article 131 : Original and exclusive jurisdiction of the Supreme Court,means that Court has the power and authority to address, hear and rule a decision in the initial instance
  • Under Article 167, Chief Minister’s duty to communicate to the Governor all decisions of the Council of Ministers relating to the administration and proposals for legislation and Governor may need to ask a top bureaucrat or the head of the police force for a report on a major incident or development, but even that should be for the limited purpose of getting an accurate picture before sending a report to the Centre.
Global social mobility report
  • It can be understood as the movement in personal circumstances either “upwards” or “downwards” of an individual in relation to those of their parents.
  • World Economic Forum has come out with its first-ever Global Social Mobility Report.
  • The report has ranked India a lowly 76 out of the 82 countries profiled.
  • The Nordic nations hold the top five spots, Denmark in the first place.
  • Most countries underperform in four areas: fair wages, social protection, working conditions and lifelong learning.
Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons(NPT)
  • The NPT is a landmark international treaty on only binding commitment in a multilateral treaty to the goal of disarmament by the nuclear-weapon States.
  • It's objectives are:- prevent the spread of nuclear weapons and weapons technology, to promote cooperation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy and to further the goal of achieving nuclear disarmament and general and complete disarmament.
  • Treaty establishes a safeguards system under the responsibility of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).
Hyperloop
Hyperloop
  • The proposed Pune-Mumbai Hyperloop project, an ultra-modern transport system that will reduce the travelling time between the two cities, may be scrapped by the state government.
  • It is a transportation system where a pod-like vehicle is propelled through a near-vacuum tube connecting cities at speeds matching that of an aircraft.
  • The hyperloop concept is a brainchild of Tesla founder Elon Musk.
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