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Friday, January 10, 2020

Prelims booster(Micro notes), current affairs with static portions - 10 January,2020

Pravasi Bharatiya Divas (PBD)
  • It  is celebrated on 9th January( on this day in 1915 that Mahatma Gandhi returned to India from South Africa) every year to mark the contribution of Overseas Indian community in the development of India.
  • It is celebrated once in every two years to strengthen the engagement of the overseas Indian community with the Government of India and reconnect them with their roots.
  • During the Convention, selected overseas Indians are also honoured with the prestigious Pravasi Bharatiya Samman Award to recognize their contributions to various fields both in India and abroad. 
Green Credit Scheme
  • In the current system, industry needs to compensate the loss of forest acquired for its commercial activity by paying the Forest department a fee and the department is then responsible for reforesting on other patch of land acquired by industry.
  • It allows agencies( private companies, village forest communities) to identify land and begin growing plantations. After three years, they would be eligible to be considered as compensatory forest land.
  • An industry needing forest land could then approach the agency and pay it for parcels of such forested land, and this would then be transferred to the Forest Department and be recorded as forest land.
Curative Petition
  • Nirbhaya Case convicts file Curative pleas in Supreme Court.
  • It is the last legal avenue(follows the dismissal of a review petition) open for convicts in the Supreme Court.
  • Rupa Ashok Hurra vs. Ashok Hurra and Anr. (2002):The Supreme Court in the said case held that in order to prevent abuse of its process and to cure gross miscarriage of justice, it may reconsider its judgements in exercise of its inherent powers.
  •  It is only in rare cases that such petitions are given an open-court hearing and a  party can take only two limited grounds in a curative petition — 
  1.  he was not heard by the court before the adverse judgment was passed.
  2. the judge was biased. 
Tiger Reserves
Tiger Reserves
  • Mahadayi, Netravali and Cotigao sanctuaries and some part of Mahaveer National Park in Goa has seen the presence of Tigers that has pushed Politicians & activists to demand Tiger Reserve status in these areas.
  • Sanctuaries and National Parks are areas of significant ecological, floral, faunal or natural significance and notified by State Governments and protected by the Forest Department under the provisions of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972. 
  • A Tiger Reserve consists of a ‘Core’ or ‘Critical Tiger Habitat’ and a ‘Buffer’ or Peripheral area immediately abutting a Core area, which may be accorded a lesser degree of habitat protection.
  • National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA):-It is a statutory body formed in 2005-06, with an overarching supervisory/coordination role, performing functions as provided in the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
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