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Friday, December 6, 2019

Prelims booster(Micro notes), current affairs with static portions - 2,3 December,2019

Inner Line Permit (ILP)
  • Union Home Minister has assured the civil society groups that the Citizenship Bill would provide protection to such regions and states where the Inner Line Permit (ILP) is applicable, and autonomous administration has been granted under the Sixth Schedule of the Constitution.
  • The Citizenship (Amendment) Bill aims to make it easier for 6 minority religious groups from Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Afghanistan to obtain Indian citizenship.
  • Inner Line Permit is a document that allows an Indian citizen to visit or stay in a state that is protected under the ILP system.
  • The ILP is obligatory for those who reside outside the protected states.
  • An ILP is issued by the state government concerned.
  • Currently, the Inner Line Permit is operational in Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram and Nagaland.
National Company Law Appellate Tribunal (NCLAT)
  • It was constituted under Section 410 of the Companies Act, 2013
  • It is the Appellate Tribunal for hearing appeals against the orders passed by Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India under Section 202 and Section 211 of IBC.
  • It is the Appellate Tribunal to hear and dispose of appeals against any direction issued or decision made or order passed by the Competition Commission of India (CCI).
  • The President of the Tribunal and the chairperson and Judicial Members of the Appellate Tribunal shall be appointed after consultation with the Chief Justice of India
Points-based policy
  • UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson has promised to introduce an Australian style points-based visa policy from January 1, 2021.
  • Generally, for visas that are points-tested, points may be given for different categories ranging from age to proficiency in English and amount of work experience. 
  • For workers with an “eligible skilled occupation” there are 10 categories of visas available. Applications are tested with points awarded in various categories.
  • One of these is “Skilled Independent Visa”.
Administration of Oath in legislature
  • The Third Schedule requires the taker of the oath to either “swear in the name of God” or to “solemnly affirm” to “bear true faith and allegiance to the Constitution…”
  • Article 164(3) says: “Before a Minister enters upon his office, the Governor shall administer to him the oaths of office and of secrecy according to the forms set out for the purpose in the Third Schedule.”
  • Art 164 makes it clear that the text of the oath is sacrosanct, and the person taking the oath has to read it out exactly as it is, in the given format
Operation ‘Clean Art’
Operation ‘Clean Art’
  • It was conceived by Wildlife Crime Control Bureau(WCCB).
  • It is first pan India operation to crackdown on the smuggling of mongoose hair.
  • Aim: To ensure that the mongoose hair brush trade should be closed down across the country.
  • Protection: Mongoose is listed in Schedule II Part 2 of the Wildlife Protection Act. Any smuggling or possession of its body part is a non-bailable offence.
Blue flag programme
  • The Blue Flag is a certification by the Foundation for Environmental Education (FEE)(NGO)
  • The MoEFCC has embarked upon a programme for ‘Blue Flag’ Certification for select beaches in the country
  • 13 pilot beaches have been identified for the certification.
  • Chandrabhaga beach of Odisha’s Konark coast was the first to complete the tag certification process will be the first in Asia to get the Blue Flag certification
  • It started in France in 1985 and has been implemented in Europe since 1987, and in areas outside Europe since 2001, when South Africa joined.
  • Japan and South Korea are the only countries in South and southeastern Asia to have Blue Flag beaches.
  • Spain tops the list with 566 such beaches; Greece and France follow with 515 and 395, respectively
Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Group (PVTG)
  • PVTGs are more vulnerable among the tribal groups.
  • They have declining or stagnant population, low level of literacy, pre-agricultural level of technology and are economically backward.
  • They generally inhabit remote localities having poor infrastructure and administrative support.
  • In 1975, the Government of India initiated to identify the most vulnerable tribal groups as a separate category called PVTGs and declared 52 such groups, while in 1993 an additional 23 groups were added to the category, making it a total of 75 PVTGs out of 705 Scheduled Tribes
  • Among the 75 listed PVTG’s the highest number are found in Odisha (13), followed by Andhra Pradesh (12).
India’s first maritime museum in Gujarat:
  • A National Maritime Heritage Museum will be established at Lothal in Gujarat.
  • The museum will act as an independent research center for archaeology of boat building, reconstruction of maritime history and materials traded.
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