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Tuesday, December 31, 2019

Prelims booster(Micro notes), current affairs with static portions - 31 December,2019

Electro-kinetic streaming
  • The Indian Institute of Technology-Guwahati (IIT-G) researchers have developed materials that can produce energy from flowing or stagnant water in households.
  • Electro-kinetic streaming potential: When fluids stream through tiny channels that are charged, they can generate an electrical voltage, which may be harnessed through miniaturised generators.
  • Devices with doped graphene(form of carbon) flakes was also fabricated for generating power by dipping it in a bucket of water or any stagnant water source to “complementary charge transfer activities”
  • Graphene is the sheet produced by oxidation followed by reduction of natural graphite flakes.
Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act (AFSPA)
  • It gives armed forces the power to maintain public order in “disturbed areas”.
  • They have the authority to prohibit a gathering of five or more persons in an area, can use force or even open fire after giving due warning if they feel a person is in contravention of the law.
  • The Central Government, or the Governor of the State or administrator of the Union Territory can declare the whole or part of the State or Union Territory as a disturbed area.
Sustainable Development Goal Index
Sustainable Development Goal Index
  • NITI Aayog has released the 2019 SDG India Index.
  • The index evaluates progress of States and Union Territories on social, economic and environmental parameters.
  • The SDG India Index, launched last year by Niti Aayog with the help of United Nations, took into account 16 out of 17 goals specified by the United Nations as SDGs .
  • Kerala retained the top rank and 
  • Himachal Pradesh took the second spot while Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Telangana shared the third spot.
  • Chandigarh maintained its top spot among the UTs.
  • Bihar, Jharkhand and Arunachal Pradesh are the worst performing states.
Central Equipment Identity Register (CEIR)
  • The government has launched a web portal, ‘Central Equipment Identity Register (CEIR)’, to facilitate blocking and tracing of stolen/lost mobile phones in Delhi.
  • The launch of the project in Delhi.
  •  It will facilitate  request for blocking of stolen or lost mobile phone by customers; blocking of such mobile phones across mobile networks; sharing of traceability data with the Police; and unblocking of recovered/ found stolen or lost mobile phones etc.
  • The web portal was first launched in Mumbai

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