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Friday, December 27, 2019

Prelims booster(Micro notes), current affairs with static portions - 26 December,2019

‘Good Governance Index’
  • Good Governance Day is observed on the birth anniversary of former Prime Minister Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee (25th December).
  • It is a tool to assess the status of governance and the impact of various interventions taken up by the State Government and UTs.
  • The GGI takes into consideration 10 sectors — agriculture and allied sectors, commerce and industries, human resource development, public health, public infrastructure and utilities, economic governance, social welfare & development, judicial and public security, environment and citizen-centric governance.
  • Top performers among the big states: Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh and Gujarat and bottom six states are Odisha, Bihar, Goa, Uttar Pradesh and Jharkhand.
Saptamatrikas
  • The Epigraphy Branch of the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) has discovered the earliest epigraphic evidence so far for the Saptamatrika cult.
  • It is also the earliest Sanskrit inscription to have been discovered in South India as on date.
  • Saptamatrikas are a group of seven female deities worshipped in Hinduism as personifying the energy of their respective consorts.
  • The inscription is in Sanskrit and in Brahmi characters and was issued by Satavahana king Vijaya in 207 A.D. 
Bharatnet Project(Free WiFi to all villages)
  • To promote uptake of the Internet in rural areas, government promised free Wi-Fi to about 48,000 villages, which are connected through the government’s flagship Bharatnet project
  • Digital Village, conceptualised by the Common Service Centre (CSC) -Special Purpose Vehicle(SPV) under the Ministry of Electronics and IT, is a village where citizens can avail various e-services of the central and the State governments, as well as of private players. 
  • There were about 3.6 lakh CSCs in the country covering 2.25 lakh gram panchayats.
National Strategy for Suicide Prevention
National Strategy for Suicide Prevention
  • India continues to have the dubious distinction of recording the highest number, or 34% of all suicides in the world.
  • According to provision of Section 309 of the IPC attempted suicide continues to be a criminal offence( punishable with simple imprisonment, which may extend up to one year)
  • However, Section 115 of the Mental Healthcare Act(MCHA), 2017 states that “any person who attempts to commit suicide shall be presumed, unless proved otherwise, to have severe stress and shall not be tried and punished under the said Code (Section 309 of IPC).” 
  • After the MCHA, 2017, the Section has become “redundant” but still remains in law books.
  • Therefore, once National strategy of prepared, it is expected to remove confusion surrounding inconsistencies between IPC and MCHA
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