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Saturday, December 21, 2019

Prelims booster(Micro notes), current affairs with static portions - 19 December,2019

Can the strength of Lok Sabha be increased?

  • The Constitution (126th Amendment) Billpassed by Parliament last week, while extending the reservation for SC/STs, did away with the provision for nomination of Anglo Indians. This has brought the strength of Lok Sabha down to 543 now.
  • Article 81 of the Constitution defines the composition of the House of the People or Lok Sabha.
  • It states that the House shall not consist of more than 550 elected members of whom not more than 20 will represent UTs.
  • As per Clause 3 of Article 81, population, for the purpose of allocation of seats, means “population as ascertained at the last preceding Census of which the relevant figures have been published” . But as a result of an amendment to this Clause in 2003, the “population” now means population as per the 1971 Census — and will be so until the first Census that is taken after 2026.
  • Need for more seats:The number of Lok Sabha seats should be rationalized on the basis of population..
Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana-lll (PMGSY-III)
Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana-lll (PMGSY-III)

  • Phase III of Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) has been launched.
  • A total of 5,99,090 Km road length has been constructed under the scheme since inception till April, 2019 (inclusive of PMGSY-I, PMGSY-II and RCPLWEA Scheme.
  • Under the PMGSY-III Scheme, it is proposed to consolidate 1,25,000 Km road length in the States.
  • Consolidation of Through Routes and Major Rural Links connecting habitations to Gramin Agricultural Markets (GrAMs), Higher Secondary Schools and Hospitals.
  • Funds shared- 60:40 between the Centre and State for all States except for 8 North Eastern states and Himachal Pradesh & Uttarakhand for which it is 90:10.

Impeachment of US president

  • Impeachment is a provision that allows Congress to remove the President of the United States. Under the US Constitution:
  • The House of Representatives (Lower House) has the “the sole power of impeachment” while the Senate (Upper House) has “the sole power to try all impeachments”.
  • The Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court has the duty of presiding over impeachment trials in the Senate.
  • Grounds for impeachment: The President can be removed from office for “treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors”.

Biosimilar medicine:

  • WHO prequalifies first biosimilar medicine– trastuzumab- to increase worldwide access.
  • Trastuzumab is a monoclonal antibody – was included in the WHO Essential Medicines List in 2015 as an essential treatment for about 20% of breast cancers.
  • Biosimilar is a biologic medical product that is almost an identical copy of an original product that is manufactured by a different company. contain active substances from a biological source.

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