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Wednesday, December 18, 2019

Prelims booster(Micro notes), current affairs with static portions - 17 December,2019


privilege motion
  • Congress moves privilege motion against Smriti Irani for remark on Rahul Gandhi.
  • certain rights and immunities enjoyed by members of Parliament, individually and collectively, so that they can “effectively discharge their functions
  • It's concerned with the"breach of parliamentary privilege by a minister"
  • Motion can moved by any member of either House against those being held guilty of breach of privilege
  • Rule No 222 in Chapter 20 of the Lok Sabha Rule Book and correspondingly Rule 187 in Chapter 16 of the Rajya Sabha rulebook governs privilege.
  • The Speaker/RS chairperson is the first level of scrutiny of a privilege motion.
  • The Speaker/Chair can decide on the privilege motion himself or herself or refer it to the privileges committee(LS↪15 &RS↪10 members) of Parliament.
Fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEV)
Fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEV)
  • Fuel-cell electric vehicle is essentially a hybrid electric vehicle wherein, the internal combustion engine is replaced with a fuel-cell stack. The on board sources of power include hydrogen as well as an advanced battery system.
  • The fuel cell combines hydrogen and oxygen to generate an electric current, water being the only byproduct.
  • Fuel cells generate electricity through an electrochemical process.
  • Unlike a battery-electricity vehicle, it does not store energy and, instead, relies on a constant supply of fuel and oxygen ;in the same way that an internal combustion engine relies on a constant supply of petrol or diesel, and oxygen.
National Electronic Funds Transfer (NEFT)
  • RBI has extended the availability of National Electronic Funds Transfer (NEFT) round-the-clock on all the seven days of the week (24×7 basis) to facilitate beyond the banking hour fund transfer
  • NEFT is an electronic funds transfer system maintained by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI).
  • Started in November 2005, the setup was established and maintained by Institute for Development and Research in Banking Technology (IDRBT).
  • NEFT enables bank customers in India to transfer funds  via electronic messages between any two NEFT-enabled bank accounts on a one-to-one basis.
Project Dolphin
  • The government is planning to launch a programme called “Project Dolphin”to enhance the population of these dolphins.
  • The Gangetic river dolphins were officially discovered in 1801 and are one of the oldest creatures in the world along with some species of turtles, crocodiles and sharks, according to the World Wildlife Fund (WWF).
  • The Gangetic river dolphins can only live in freshwater, are blind and catch their prey in a unique manner, using ultrasonic sound waves.
  • Dolphins have been included in Schedule I of the Indian Wild Life (Protection) Act 1972, Appendix I of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) and categorised as ‘Endangered’ on the International Union for the Conservation of Nature’s (IUCN) Red List.
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