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Thursday, November 14, 2019

Prelims booster(Micro notes), current affairs with static portions -13 November,2019

Maharashtra placed under President’s Rule.
  • President Ram Nath Kovind has approved a proclamation imposing President’s Rule in Maharashtra under Article 356(1) of the Constitution, following a recommendation from Governor Bhagat Singh Koshyari.
  •  The governor said a situation had arisen in which it was impossible to constitute or form a stable government in the State.
  • Upon the imposition of this rule, there would be no Council of Ministers. The Vidhan Sabha is either dissolved or prorogued. 
  • The state will fall under the direct control of the Union government, and the Governor will continue to be head of the state.
  • The imposition of the President’s rule requires the sanction of both the houses of Parliament.
  • If approved, it can go on for a period of six months ,this process will continue maximum for 3 years. 
  • A proclamation of President’s Rule may be revoked by the President at any time by a subsequent proclamation. Such a proclamation does not require parliamentary approval.
Article 356 of the Constitution of India gives President of India the power to suspend state government and impose President’s rule of any state in the country if “if he is satisfied that a situation has arisen in which the government of the state cannot be carried on in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution”.

Clemency powers of President
  • The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has sent a letter to the Punjab government to commute the death sentence of Balwant Singh Rajoana, convicted for the assassination of former Chief Minister Beant Singh.
  • Clemency powers of the President under article 72:
  1. Pardon-A offender get rid from all sentences and punishment and disqualifications and places him in the same position as if he had never committed the offence.
  2. Commutation- denotes the substitution of a form of punishment for a lighter one
  3. Reprieve-Reprieve means temporary suspension of death sentence.
  4. Respite- Respite means awarding a lesser punishment on some special grounds. For example- the Pregnancy of women offender.
  5. Remissions– Remission means the reduction of the amount of sentence without changing its character, for example, a sentence of 1 year may be remitted to 6 months.
Notes:-
  • This power of pardon shall be exercised by the President on the advice of Council of Ministers.
  • The constitution does not provide for any mechanism to question the legality of decisions of President or governors exercising mercy jurisdiction.
  • The SC in Epuru Sudhakar case has given a small window for judicial review of the pardon powers of President.
BRICS 2020
BRICS 2020
  •  The 11th BRICS Summit 2019 is currently underway in Brazil.
  • The BRICS summit 2019 theme is 'Economic Growth for an Innovative.
  • Acronym for an association of five major emerging national economies: Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa.
  • All are members of G20
  • Founded: June 2006
  • Founders: Brazil, India, China, Russia.
  • South Africa joined  in 2010
  • Bilateral relations among BRICS nations will be conducted on the basis of non-interference, equality, and mutual benefit.
World Congress on Rural and Agricultural Finance
  • The 6th World Congress is being held in New Delhi.
  • It is co-hosted by NABARD and the Asia-Pacific Rural and Agricultural Credit Association (APRACA) and supported by the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Government of India.
  • Theme: ‘Rural and Agricultural Finance: Critical Input to Achieve Inclusive and Sustainable Development’.
  • Aim: To bring member institutions and all interested development sector partners together to discuss the topics that define the future of the flow of finance to the rural and agricultural sector and to bring a powerful message to the worldwide policymaking community.
Project Zero
  • Introduced by Amazon.
  • To block selling of counterfeit goods on its platform.
  • The aim is to ensure that customers receive authentic goods when shopping on Amazon.
  • It introduces additional proactive mechanisms and powerful tools to identify, block and remove counterfeits.
Tiger triumph
  • It is a India-U.S. joint tri-services Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HADR).
  • The exercise is aimed at developing interoperability for conducting HADR operations.
  • The maiden exercise is being held in India.
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