Simple way for IAS preparation

Sunday, November 10, 2019

Prelims booster(Micro notes), current affairs with static portions -8 November,2019

Bru refugees

  • The Brus, also referred to as the Reangs, 
  •  They are spread across the north-eastern states of Tripura, Assam, Manipur, and Mizoram.
  • Their Hojagiri folk dance is well known all over the world. ‘Buisu’, not ‘bihu’ is the most popular festival of Reang tribes.
Moody’s ratings
  • Global ratings agency Moody’s Investors Service has cut its outlook on the Government of India’s ratings to negative from stable.
  • Moody’s also affirmed India’s Baa2 local-currency senior unsecured rating and its P-2 other short-term local-currency rating.
  • he decision to change the outlook to negative reflects increasing risks that economic growth will remain materially lower than in the past.
BIMSTEC Ports’ Conclave
  • The first ever BIMSTEC Conclave of Ports is being held at Vishakhapatnam on 7-8 November, 2019.
  • The conclave aims at providing a platform to strengthen maritime interaction, port-led connectivity initiatives and sharing best practices among member countries. 
  • Providing Connectivity is one of the key priorities among BIMSTEC countries.
  • Three Memorandums of Understanding (MoUs) have been signed between Ranong Port (Port Authority of Thailand) and the Port Trusts of Chennai, Vishakhapatnam and Kolkata during the Conclave.

National Judicial Appointments Commission (NJAC)
  • Body responsible for the appointment and transfer of judges to the higher judiciary in India.
  • 99th Constitutional Amendment Act-2014 passed on 2014 
  • A new article, Article 124A, has been inserted into the Constitution.
  • The NJAC would have replaced the collegium system for the appointment of judges 
  • The National Judicial Appointments Commission Act, 2014, was also passed by the Parliament of India to regulate the functions of the National Judicial Appointments Commission.
  • The NJAC Act and the Constitutional Amendment Act came into force in  2015.
  • The Constitution Bench of Supreme Court by 4:1 Majority upheld the collegium system and struck down the NJAC as unconstitutional .
Composition:
  • Chief Justice of India (Chairperson, ex officio)
  •  Two other of senior judges of the Supreme Court next to the Chief Justice of India – ex officio
  •  The Union Minister of Law and Justice, ex-officio
  • Two eminent persons
These (two) eminent persons would have been nominated by a committee consisting of the
  1. Chief Justice of India,
  2. Prime Minister of India, and
  3.  Leader of Opposition in the Lok Sabha 
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