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Monday, September 9, 2019

Prelims booster(Micro notes), current affairs with static portion -6 Sep 2019


Unlawful Activities Prevention Act (UAPA)
  • The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) declared four individuals – Masood Azhar, Hafiz Saeed, Zaki-ur-Rehman Lakhvi and Dawood Ibrahim – as terrorists under Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967.
  • UAPA was amended in 2004,2008,2012 and 2019. 
key provisions of amended act
  • Empowers the government to designate individuals as terrorist,Previously only organization
  • Empowers the National Investigation Agency (NIA) to seize properties,previously required permission from the Director General of Police.
  • Allows NIA officers, of the rank of Inspector or above, to investigate,previously only DySP or ACP 
Concern
Opposition parties have raised concern over the 2019 amendment act, could also be misused against political opponents-civil society activists who spoke against the government may be branded as “terrorists.”
Apache helicopters
  • Indian Air Force (IAF) formally inducted 8 US-made Apache AH-64E helicopters at Pathankot Air Force station.
  • In 2015, IAF had signed a multi-billion dollar contract with US government and Boeing Ltd for 22 Apache helicopters. 
  • Apache is one of world’s most advanced multi-role combat helicopters-Capability(all weather capable,Electronic Warfare) to shoot fire and forget anti-tank guided missiles, air to air missiles, rockets and other ammunitions
Advance Pricing Agreements (APAs).
  • Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) has entered into 26 Advance Pricing Agreements (APAs) in the financial year (April to August, 2019)
  • It is an agreement between a taxpayer and the tax authority determining the Transfer Pricing methodology for pricing the tax payer’s international transactions for future years.
Dadabhai Naoroji
  • September 4, 2019 was the 194th birth anniversary of Dadabhai Naoroji, known “Grand Old Man of India”
  • Naoroji was a professor of Gujarati, mathematics, and natural philosophy and also worked as a businessman.
  • In 1865 and 1866, Naoroji helped found the London Indian Society and the East India Association respectively
  • First Indian member of the British parliament in 1886
  • He was Congress president thrice, in 1886, 1893, and 1906.
  • Dadabhai Naoroji was among the key proponents of the ‘Drain Theory’,- in his book ‘Poverty and Un-British Rule in India’
External benchmark rates
  • The Reserve Bank of India has made it mandatory for all banks to link all new floating rate loans( interest varies with market conditions)(i.e. personal/retail loans, loans to MSMEs) to an external benchmark with effect from 1st October 2019.
  • Banks can choose from one of the four external benchmarks — repo rate, three-month treasury bill yield, six-month treasury bill yield or any other benchmark interest rate published by Financial Benchmarks India Private Ltd(recognised by the Reserve bank of India as an independent Benchmark administrator)
  • At present, interest rates on loans are linked to a bank’s marginal cost of fund-based interest rate, known as the Marginal Cost of Lending Rate (MCLR).
Nuakhai
Nuakhai

  • Harvesting festival of Odisha
  • It is also called Nuakhai Parab or Nuakahi Bhetghat.
Measles:
 It is a highly contagious viral disease. Spread: Measles is transmitted via droplets from the nose, mouth or throat of infected persons.

Rubella
Rubella, also called German measles or three-day measles, is a contagious viral infection best known by its distinctive red rash. Rubella is not the same as measles (rubeola), though the two illnesses do share some characteristics, including the red rash

Hepatitis B
  • Hepatitis means inflammation of the liver. When the liver is inflamed or damaged, its function can be affected
  • Hepatitis A is usually a short-term infection and does not become a long-term infection.
  • Hepatitis B and hepatitis C can also begin as short-term infections but in some people, the virus remains in the body, and causes chronic, or lifelong, infection.
  • There are vaccines to prevent hepatitis A and hepatitis B; however, there is no vaccine for hepatitis C.
Eat Right India Movement
  • It is a crucial preventive healthcare measure to trigger social and behavioural change
  • Due to increasing burden of non-communicable diseases including diabetes, hypertension and heart diseases, widespread deficiencies of vitamins and minerals and rampant food-borne illnesses
  • It was launched by the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI).
  • Movement is aligned with the government’s flagship public health programmes such as POSHAN Abhiyaan, Anemia Mukt Bharat, Ayushman Bharat Yojana and Swachh Bharat Mission.
Indo–Thai CORPAT•28th edition of India-Thailand Coordinated Patrol (Indo-Thai CORPAT) between the Indian Navy (IN) and the Royal Thai Navy (RTN) is being held.

Institutes of Eminence Scheme
  • The institutes of eminence scheme under the Union human resource development (HRD) ministryaims to project Indian institutes to global recognition.
  • The selected institutes will enjoy complete academic and administrative autonomy
  • Only higher education institutions currently placed in the top 500 of global rankings or top 50 of the National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) are eligible to apply for the eminence tag.
  • The public institutions on the list will then be eligible for a government grant of ₹1,000 crore.
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