Simple way for IAS preparation

Wednesday, September 4, 2019

Prelims booster(Micro notes), current affairs with static portion -3,4 Sep 2019

Firoz Shah Tughlaq:
  • Delhi’s Feroz Shah Kotla stadium is set to be renamed Arun Jaitley Stadium 
  • Born in 1309 and ascended the throne of Delhi after the demise of his cousin Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq.
  • He was the third ruler of Tughlaq dynasty that ruled over Delhi from 1320 to 1412 AD. Tughlaq was in power from 1351 to 1388 AD.
  • Contribution
  1. He established the Diwan-i-Khairat — office for charity.
  2. He established the Diwan-i-Bundagan — department of slave
  3. He established Sarais (rest house) for the benefits of merchants and other travellers etc.

‘Build for Digital India’ programme
  • Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) and Google have signed a statement of intent to roll-out ‘Build for Digital India’ programme.
  • The programme will give engineering students a platform to develop market-ready, technology-based solutions that address key social problems.
  • It will provide great exposure to students in dealing with real world problems and develop deeper understanding of how newer technologies can be used to solve them
Samudrayaan’ project
  • It is a pilot project of the Ministry of Earth Sciences for deep ocean mining for rare minerals.
  • It proposes to send men into the deep sea in a submersible vehicle for ocean studies.
  • The project has been undertaken by the National Institute of Ocean Technology (NIOT). 
  • If the ‘Samudrayaan’ project is successful, India will join the league of developed nations in the exploration of minerals from oceans.
  • India could be the first developing country to undertake such a project
Interpol Red Notice(RN)
interpol notices
interpol notices

  • Interpol describes an RN as “a request to law enforcement worldwide to locate and provisionally arrest a person pending extradition, surrender, or similar legal action”.
  • RNs contain information that helps identify wanted persons, such as their names, dates of birth, nationality, and physical attributes such as the colour of their hair and eyes, as well as pictures and biometric data such as fingerprints, if they are available
  • An RN is published by Interpol at the request of a member country.

Key notes about Interpol:

  • Interpol is global police co-operation agency and a non-governmental organization (NGO). 
  • It was established as the International Criminal Police Commission (ICPC) in 1923. 
  • Its headquartered is located at Lyon, France. 
  • It is the world’s largest international police organization, with 194 member countries (including India) and second-largest international organization after United Nations in terms of international representation. 
  • Its work focuses on public safety and battling terrorism, crimes against humanity, genocide, war crimes, environmental crime etc. 
Arctic Council:
  •  Arctic Council is a high-level intergovernmental body set up in 1996 by the Ottawa declaration to promote cooperation, coordination and interaction among the Arctic States together with the indigenous communities and other Arctic inhabitants. 
  • Council has the eight circumpolar countries (Norway, Sweden, Finland, Iceland, Denmark (Greenland and Faroe Islands), Canada, US and Russia) as member states
  • Observer status is open to Non-governmental organizations, Non-littoral states as well as to Intergovernmental and Inter-Parliamentary organizations.
  • India has an observer status in the council.
United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD)
  • Context: The 14th meeting of the Conference of Parties to the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD COP 14) begins in New Delhi.
  • India took over the Presidency of the COP from China
  • It is established in 1994, the sole legally binding international agreement linking environment and development to sustainable land management.
  • the only convention stemming from a direct recommendation of the Rio Conference’s Agenda 21.
Project REPLAN (REducing PLastic in Nature):

  • Launched by Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC). 
  • It aims to make carry bags by mixing processed and treated plastic waste with cotton fibre rags in the ratio 20:80. 
  • The made paper is found to have good strength and durability. 
Country’s longest electrified rail tunnel

  • India’s longest electrified rail tunnel was recently inaugurated in Andhra Pradesh.

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