Simple way for IAS preparation

Tuesday, September 17, 2019

Prelims booster(Micro notes), current affairs with static portion -10,11,12,13,16,17 Sep 2019

C-Sat-Fi; XGSPON and CiSTB
  • Union Minister for Communications launched Centre for Development of Telematics (C-DOT’s) latest innovations, “C-Sat-Fi (C-DOT Satellite WiFi”, “XGSPON (10 G Symmetrical Passive Optical Network)” and “C-DOT’s Interoperable Set Top Box (CiSTB).
  • C-Sat-Fi (C-DOT Satellite WiFi): C-Sat-Fi is based on the optimal utilization of wireless and satellite communication to extend connectivity to the remote islands and difficult terrains
  • XGSPON (10 G Symmetrical Passive Optical Network): it is an effective solution to fulfil the rapidly increasing demands of high network speeds for applications like IPTV, HD Video Streaming, Online Gaming and other cloud based services. 
  • CiSTB (C-DOT’s Interoperable Set Top Box): Based on a portable smart card like a mobile SIM, this solution will revolutionize the experience of the Cable TV operators by offering them a high degree of choice, ease and convenience without having to replace the once installed STB. 
Mega Food Park
  • Minister of Food Processing Industries inaugurated Telangana’s first food park.
  • Under the food park scheme, the Centre provides financial assistance of up to ₹50 crore.(Know about scheme types)
  • The Mega Food Park Scheme is based on “Cluster” approach 
Motive behind mega food park
  • give boost to the food processing sector by adding value and reducing food wastage at each stage of the supply chain with particular focus on perishables.
  • provide direct and indirect employment opportunities
  • double the farmer incom by 2022
  • Export boosting 
  • connection between buyers and sellers 
  • 5 trillions economy 
  • poverty and hunger reduction
  • sustainable use of food 
Strengthening Local Democracy(for mains)
Democratic decentralisation has little in India. Over 25 years after the 73rd and 74th constitutional amendments (they mandated the establishment of panchayats and municipalities as elected local governments) gave a range of powers and responsibilities and made them accountable to the people for their implementation, very little and actual progress has been made in this direction. 
Key issues:
  • volume of money set local governments for them is inadequate to meet their basic requirements. 
  • Much of the money given is inflexible( Local government is not free to use money ,several conditions and restrictions 
  • Local governments do not have the staff to perform even basic tasks. 
Way forward:
  • grama sabha should be organised through smaller discussions where everybody can really participate
  • Use of Short Message Services, or social media groups could be used for facilitating discussions between members of a grama sabha.
  • Local government organisational structures have to be strengthened.
  • Local governments must be enabled to hold State departments accountable and to provide quality, corruption free service to them, through service-level agreements.
  • Increase their taxation area,if they collect taxes, their voters will never forgive them for misusing their funds. 
Conclusion
  • India’s efforts in decentralisation represent one of the largest experiments in deepening democracy.
  • We have given ourselves a reasonably robust democratic structure for local governance over the last two decades and more.
Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP)
  •  7th Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) ministerial meeting of 10 members of ASEAN countries and their six FTA (free trade agreement) partners is being held in Bangkok, Thailand.
  • RCEP is proposed between the ten member states of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) (Brunei, Burma (Myanmar), Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam) and the six states with which ASEAN has existing FTAs (Australia, China, India, Japan, South Korea and New Zealand).
  • RCEP negotiations were formally launched in November 2012 at the ASEAN Summit in Cambodia.
  • aims-boost goods trade by eliminating most tariff and non-tariff barriers,provide the region’s consumers greater choice of quality products at affordable rates and liberalise investment norms 
Why is India concerned,what India needs to do?(For mains)
India concerned
  • Greater access to Chinese goods may have impact on the Indian manufacturing sector- massive trade deficit with China-To reduce deficit India proposed differential market access strategy for China.
  •  RCEP countries demand for lowering customs duties on a number of products and greater access to the market than India has been willing to provide.
  • The current account deficit (CAD) touched 8 per cent of GDP, and the agreement in the present state of negotiations would mean forgoing a substantial part of the revenues.
  • The free movement of investments will benefit investors in the US, Singapore, Japan and China, but very few Indians will be taking advantage of this.
Why India should not miss RCEP?
  • make its exports price uncompetitive with other RCEP members’ exportsin each RCEP market, and the ensuing export-losses contributing to foreign exchange shortages
  • India would get greater market access in other countries not only in terms of goods, but in services and investments also.
Way ahead:
  • Bilateral talks between India and China are crucial for an early conclusion of RCEP negotiations as agreed by other members
  • Indian policymakers need to be mindful of domestic sectors’ concerns before agreeing on terms of deal.
  • Need to improve our competitiveness in the economy
UN Peacekeeping
  • Context: India calls for reforms in peacekeeping at UNSC debate.
  • United Nations Peacekeeping was created in 1948. Its first mission involved the establishment of the UN Truce Supervision Organization (UNTSO)
  • UN Peacekeeping is guided by three basic principles:
  1. Consent of the parties.
  2. Impartiality
  3. Non-use of force except in self-defence and defence of the mandate.
Pradhan Mantri Kisan Maan Dhan Yojana
  • Aim: To improve the life of small and marginal farmers of the country.
  • voluntary and contributory for farmers in the entry age group of 18 to 40 years
  • monthly pension of Rs. 3000/– will be provided to them on attaining the age of 60 years. The spouse is also eligible to get a separate pension of Rs.3000/- upon making separate contributions to the Fund.
6th schedule of the constitution
  • deals with the administration of the tribal areas in the four northeastern states of Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram.
  • National Commission for Scheduled Tribes (NCST) Writes to Union Home Minister & Union Tribal Affairs Minister Conveying Its recommendation to Include Union Territory of Ladakh Under 6th Schedule of Constitution Of India.
  • The total tribal population in Ladakh region is more than 97%. The region is inhabited by following Scheduled Tribes, namely:Balti,Beda,Bot, Boto,Brokpa, Drokpa, Dard, Shin,Changpa etc
  • Key provisions: governor is empowered to organise,divide the district into several autonomous regions. and re-organise the autonomous districts.
  • autonomous districts-Composition-4[nominated by the governor ]+ 26[elected on the basis of adult franchise.]
  • Term:-Elected members -5 years,nominated-pleasure of the governor.
  • Each autonomous region also has a separate regional council[can make laws on certain specified matters like land, forests, canal water, shifting cultivation, village administration, inheritance of property, marriage and divorce, social customs and so on. But all such laws require the assent of the governor.]
  • The acts of Parliament or the state legislature do not apply to autonomous districts and autonomous regions or apply with specified modifications and exceptions.
  • governor can appoint a commission to examine and report on any matter relating to the administration
    Government e Marketplace (GeM)
    • GeM is a state-of-the-art national public procurement platform of Ministry of Commerce and Industries, that has used technology to remove entry barriers for bonafide sellers and has created a vibrant e-marketplace with a wide range of goods and services.
    MPATGM missile:
    • Man Portable Anti-Tank Guided Missile is an Indian third-generation fire-and-forget anti-tank guided missile.
    • Developed by DRDO.
    • Incorporated with state-of-the-art Infrared Imaging Seeker along with advanced avionics.
    “Kartarpur Corridor” project
    • The corridor – often dubbed as the “Road to Peace” – will connect Gurdwara Darbar Sahib in Pakistan’s Kartarpur with Dera Baba Nanak shrine in India’s Gurdaspur district.
    • The construction of the corridor will allow visa-free access to pilgrims from India. 
    • Pakistan has agreed in principle to allow visa-free, year-long travel to the Sikh shrine.
    • The gurdwara in Kartarpur stands on the bank of the Ravi, about 120 km northeast of Lahore.
    National Pension Scheme for Traders and Self Employed Persons
    • It is a pension scheme for the shopkeepers/retail traders and self-employed persons with annual turnover not exceeding Rs 1.5 crore
    • Beneficiary is required to have an Aadhaar card and a saving bank/ Jan-dhan Account passbook only.
    • He/ She should be within 18 to 40 years of age group.
    • It is a voluntary and contributory pension scheme
    • The Central Government shall give 50 % share of the monthly contribution and remaining 50% contribution shall be made by the beneficiary
    • It has a provision for minimum assured pension of Rs 3,000/- monthly on attaining the age of 60 years.
    District mineral foundations(DMFs)
    • They are non-profit truststo work for the interest and benefit of persons and areas affected by mining-related operations in such manner as may be prescribed by the State Government.
    • Jurisdiction: Its manner of operation comes under the jurisdiction of the relevant State Government.
    • Chhattisgarh became the first state to amend DMF rules.(inclusion of 10 Gram Sabha members directly from mining-affected areas in the DMF Governing Council .In Scheduled Areas, at least 50 per cent of the Gram Sabha members must be from Scheduled Tribes (ST).)
    Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana (PMKKKY):

    The programme is meant to provide for the welfare of areas and people affected by mining related operations, using the funds generated by District Mineral Foundations (DMFs).

    National Intelligence Grid (NATGRID) project
    • It is an ambitious counter terrorism programme.
    • It will utilise technologies like Big Data and analytics to study and analyse the huge amounts of data from various intelligence and enforcement agencies to help track suspected terrorists and prevent terrorist attacks.
    Drought Toolbox
    • It's a kind of knowledge bank that may be used by vulnerable countries, such as India, to reduce drought risk and be better prepared and effectively respond to it.
    • At the ongoing 14th Conference of Parties (COP14) to United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD), a Drought Toolbox has been launched
    Bioterrorism
    • A form of terrorism where there is the intentional release of biological agents (bacteria, viruses, or other germs). This is also referred to as germ warfare.
    • The threat of bioterrorism is increasing as a result of the rise of technical capabilities, the rapid expansion of the global biotechnology industry, and the growth of loosely sophisticated networks of transnational terrorist groups that have expressed interest in bioterrorism
    Jan Soochna Portal
    • The first-ever public information portal was launched in Rajasthan – named Jan Soochna Portal – to provide information about government authorities and departments suo motu to the public 
    • The portal would ensure compliance with Section 4(2) of the RTI Act mandating the public authorities to disclose information in the public domain, so that the people need not file applications under the law to obtain information
    Uniform Civil Code (UCC)
    • Article 44 of the Constitution says that there should be a Uniform Civil Code
    • It is a proposal to have a generic set of governing laws for every citizen without taking into consideration the religion
    Water on Exoplanet
    • Astronomers have for the first time discovered water in the atmosphere of exoplanet – K2-18b, along with Earth-like temperatures that could support life.
    • An exoplanet or extrasolar planet is a planet outside the Solar System
    • The K2-18b planet orbits the cool dwarf star K2-18(Leo constellation of the milkyway galaxy)
    • Scientists used archive data from 2016 and 2017 captured by the ESA/NASA Hubble Space Telescope
    Collegium of Supreme Court judges
    • The Collegium of judges does not figure in the Constitution.
    • It is the Supreme Court’s invention
    • Collegium is a system under which judges are appointed by an institution comprising judges and recommends the transfer of Chief Justices and other judges.
    Bamboonomics
    • a movement to combat desertification and climate change which will involve the tribal community of India
    • movement will ensure that tribals can earn a livelihood without causing environmental harm.
    • launched at the COP 14 of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD)
    Central Adverse List

    • The Centre has removed from the Central Adverse List names of few foreign nationals involved in anti-India activities
    • It is a list maintained by the Union Ministry of Home Affairs.
    • The list contains: Names of individuals who supported the Khalistan movement in 1980s and 90s but left India to take asylum in foreign countries,individuals who are suspected to have links with terrorist outfitsor have violated visa norms in their previous visit to India and persons who have indulged in criminal activities or have been accused of sexual crimes against children in their respective countries.
    International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer
    • World Ozone Day-September 16 ,Theme(2019): 32 Years and Healing.
    • Ozone layer: Absorbs most of the Sun’s ultraviolet light which is harmful to human life and other life forms.
    • It Absorbs about 97 to 99% of ultraviolet rays and maintain the ozone-oxygen cycle.
    • Montreal Protocol stipulates that the production and consumption of compounds that deplete ozone in the stratosphere-chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), carbon tetrachloride, halons and methyl chloroform-are to be phased out by 2000 (2005 for methyl chloroform).
    Samudra Laksamana:
    •The Indian Navy and Malaysian Navy had recently participated in the bilateral exercise ‘Samudra Laksamana

    Pulikali
    Pulikali

    • known as Tiger Dance
    • folk art of Kerala, performed on the fourth day of Onam festival.
    • Artists wear a tiger mask, paint their bodies like tigers and dance to the rhythm of traditional percussion instruments such as thakil, udukku and chenda
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