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Tuesday, September 3, 2019

Polity-Preamble -Prelims booster quiz answer day-10

1.With reference to the word socialist in preamble.
1. Original constitution reflected socialistic principles.
2. Socialistic principles were incorporated in constitution only through amendment.
Which of the following statements is true?
a. Only1
b. Only2
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2
ans-a
Even though the word socialist was added in preamble by 42nd amendment act in 1976, our original constitution reflected socialistic principles. Distributive justice is a part of socialist societies.

2.With reference to word ‘Justice’ and ‘Fraternity’ in preamble.
1. Justice signifies political and economic justice only.
2. Fraternity was incorporated from article 1 of universal declaration of human rights.
 Which of the following statements is true?
a. Only1
b. Only 2
c. Both 1 and2
d. Neither 1 nor 2
ans-b
Justice signifies political, economic and social justice.  Fraternity means common brotherhood.

3.Consider the following statements
1. The word secular appeared nowhere in constitution before it was inserted into the preamble.
2. The word secular signifies state will protect religion of majority in state.
Which of the following statements are true?
a. Only1
b. Only 2
c. Both 1 and2
d. Neither 1 nor 2
ans-d
 The word secular appeared in article 25 2 (a) of the constitution of India. Secularism means equidistance of the state towards all religions. Secularism means separation of religion from politics.

4.Consider the following statements
1. Preamble has been amended only once through 44th constitutional amendment act 1976.
2. Secular, Socialist and liberty were added to the constitution through 44th constitutional amendment act 1976.
Which of the above statements is true?
a. Only 1
b. Only 2
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2
ans-d
 Preamble has been amended once through 42nd constitutional amendment act 1976. According to Supreme Court, in Keshavanda Bharati case, preamble cannot be abridged. It can be enriched but not restricted.

5.Which of the following is true about preamble?
1. It is not enforceable by courts.
2. It is part of constitution.
3. Preamble enshrines narrow objectives of governments.
a. Only 1
b. Only 2
c. 1 and 2 only
d. 1,2 and 3
ans-c
 Preamble contains essence of constitution.  In  Kesavanda Bharati case 1973 Supreme court ruled that preamble is part of constitution and not enforceable. It is basic features of constitution.
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