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Thursday, August 22, 2019

Prelims booster(Micro notes), current affairs with static portion -22 August 2019

Chandrayaan-2

satellite launch vehicle
satellite launch vehicle

Chandrayaan-2
                       Chandrayaan-2


  • Context
    : The second moon mission of India, the Chandrayaan-2 has been precisely inserted in defined orbit.
  • It was launched  by powerful Geostationary satellite launch vehicle (GSLV)-Mk-111 M-1 from Sriharikota
  • the orbiter would revolve around the moon for an yearLander Vikram and Rover Pragyan have a lifespan of 14 days
  •  India will become the fourth country(after united States, Russia and China)  in the world to land a rover on the Moon.
  • Scientific goals include studies of lunar topography, mineralogy, elemental abundance, the lunar exosphere, and signatures of hydroxyl and water ice.
  • 1st space mission to conduct a soft landing on the Moon’s south polar region.

UN Security Council
  • Context: Vice President calls for renewed efforts for India to gain permanent membership of the UN Security Council
  • United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the organs of the United Nations
  •  it maintains international peace and security.
  • Members:-fifteen members. Russia, the United Kingdom, France, China, and the United States(five permanent members)-have veto power.10 non-permanent members(elected on a regional basis to serve two-year terms)
Information Fusion Centre (IFC)
  • established at the Navy’s Information Management and Analysis Centre (IMAC) in Gurugram,Haryana
  • white shipping”, or commercial shipping, will be exchanged with countries in the region to improve maritime domain awareness in the Indian Ocean
Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana(PMUY)
  • aims to provide LPG (liquefied petroleum gas) connections to poor households [identified through the Socio-Economic Caste Census (SECC) ]
  • A report from the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare places Household Air Pollution (HAP) as the second leading risk factor contributing to India’s disease burden
Van Mahotsava: 

  • an annual tree planting festival.,started by K. M. Munshi in 1950, the Union Minister for Agriculture and Food at that time.
  • started to create awareness in the mind of the people for the conservation of forests and planting of new trees.
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