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Wednesday, August 21, 2019

Prelims booster(Micro notes), current affairs with static portion -21 August 2019

BASIC countries
  • Context:countries recently held their 28th Ministerial meeting on Climate Change in Sao Paulo, Brazil.
  •  a bloc of four large newly industrialized countries – Brazil, South Africa, India and China.
  • Significance : common position on reducing greenhouse gas emissions and raising the massive funds for fight climate change.
  •  agreement is not legally binding.
Legislative Council
  • ContextThe Madhya Pradesh government plans to initiate steps towards creation of a Legislative Council.
  • Parliament may by law(Article 169 of the constitution) create or abolish the second chamber in a state if the Legislative Assembly of that state passes a resolution with special majority.
  • Currently, six states have Legislative Councils( Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana)
  • Strength of the house:not exceed 1/3 of the total number of the members in the legislative Assembly of that state and not less than 40.
members of the Council election:-
  • 1.1/3rd- elected by members of the Assembly
  • 1/3rd- consisting of members of municipalities, district boards and other local authorities  of that state.
  • 1/12th - consisting of teachers.
  • 1/12th-registered graduates.
  •  remaining members(distinguished themselves in literature, science, art, the cooperative movement, and social service.) are nominated by the Governor

Geographical indication (GI)

  •  It is under the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade has recently registered 4 new GIs.
  1. Palani Panchamirtham:Palani Panchamirtham, an abishega Prasadam, is one of the main offerings for the presiding deity.first time a temple ‘prasadam’ from Tamil Nadu has been bestowed with the GI tag.
  2. Tawlhlohpuan:-It is a medium to heavy, compactly woven, good quality fabric from Mizoram.
  3.  Mizo Puanchei:Mizo Puanchei is a colourful Mizo shawl/textile, from Mizoram.
  4. Tirur Betel leaf:Tirur betel mainly cultivated in Malappuram District of Kerala, is valued both for its mild stimulant action and medicinal properties.
Parker Solar Probe
  • Context: On August 12, NASA’s Parker Solar Probe completed a year in service
  • It is also the closest a human-made object has ever gone to the Sun.
  • goals for the mission are to trace how energy and heat move through the solar corona and to explore what accelerates the solar wind,solar energetic particles.
  • corona is hotter than the surface of the sun. The corona gives rise to the solar wind,
Delimitation of Constituencies
  • Delimitation is the act of redrawing boundaries of Lok Sabha and state Assembly seats to represent changes in population.
  • objective of delimitation is to provide equal representation to equal segments of a population.
  •  its orders are final and cannot be questioned before any court
  •  Article 82the Parliament enacts a Delimitation Act after every Census.
  • Composition: The commission is made up of a retired Supreme Court judge, the Chief Election Commissioner and the respective State Election Commissioners.
  • case of difference of opinion among members of the Commission, the opinion of the majority prevails.
National Sports Awards•Arjuna Award: is given for consistency outstanding performance for four years.
•Dronacharya Award: for coaches for producing medal winners at prestigious International sports events.
•Dhyan Chand Award : for life time contribution to sports development.
•MAKA Trophy:Overall top performing university in inter-university tournaments is given Maulana Abul Kalam Azad (MAKA) Trophy.
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