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Thursday, August 22, 2019

GS III

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Economy (Growth & resources mobilization):-Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

  • With a consideration towards the strategy of inclusive growth, the new Companies Bill, 2013 has indirectly made CSR a mandatory obligation. Discuss the challenges expected in its implementation in right earnest. Also discuss other provisions in the Bill and their implications. (200w,10m,2013)
  • Normally countries shift from agriculture to industry and then later to services, but India shifted directly from agriculture to services. What are the reasons for the huge growth of services vis-a-vis industry in the country? Can India become a developed country without a strong industrial base?(200w,12.5m, 2014)
  • "While we flaunt India's demographic dividend, we ignore the dropping rates of employability." What are we missing while doing so? Where will the jobs that India desperately needs come from? Explain.(200,12.5m,2014)
  •  Capitalism has guided the world economy to unprecedented prosperity. However, it often encourages short-sightedness and contributes to wide disparities between the rich and the poor. In this light, would it be correct to believe and adopt capitalism for bringing inclusive growth in India? Discuss.(200w,12.5m,2014)
  • Scientific research in Indian universities is declining, because a career in science is not as attractive as are business professions, engineering or administration, and the universities are becoming consumer-oriented. Critically comment.(200w,12.5m,2014)



Economy(Budget):-Government Budgeting.
  • What were the reasons for the introduction of Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management (FRBM) Act, 2013? Discuss critically its salient features and their effectiveness. (200w,10m,2013)
  • What is the meaning of the term ‘tax expenditure’? Taking housing sector as an example, discuss how it influences the budgetary policies of the government.(200w,10m,2013)
  • Discuss the rationale for introducing the Goods and Services Tax (GST) in India. Bring out critically the reasons for the delay in roll out for its regime.(200w,10m,2013)




Economy(Investment & infrastructure):-Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc. Investment models.

  • Write a note on India’s green energy corridor to alleviate the problem of conventional energy.(200w,10m,2013)
  •   Adoption of PPP model for infrastructure development of the country has not been free of criticism. Critically discuss the pros and cons of the model.(200w,10m,2013)
  •  The Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013 has come into effect from 1st January, 2014. What are the key issues which would get addressed with the Act in place? What implications would it have on industrialization and agriculture in India?(200w,12.5m,2014)
  •  Explain how Private Public Partnership arrangements, in long gestation infrastructure projects, can transfer unsustainable liabilities to the future. What arrangements need to be put in place to ensure that successive generations' capacities are not compromised?(200w,12.5m,2014)
  • National Urban Transport Policy emphasises on 'moving people' instead of 'moving vehicles'. Discuss critically the success of the various strategies of the Government in this regard (200w,12.5m,2014).

Economy(Liberalization):-Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.

  •   Food Security Bill is expected to eliminate hunger and malnutrition in India. Critically discuss various apprehensions in its effective implementation along with the concerns it has generated in WTO (200w,10m,2013)
  • Examine the impact of liberalization on companies owned by Indians. Are they competing with the MNCs satisfactorily? Discuss.  (200w,10m,2013)
  •  a) Discuss the impact of FDI entry into Multi-trade retail sector on supply chain management in commodity trade pattern of the economy. b) Though India allowed Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in what is called multi-brand retail through the joint venture route in September 2012, the FDI, even after a year, has not picked up. Discuss the reasons. (200w,10m,2013)
  •  Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in the defense sector is now set to be liberalized. What influence this is expected to have on Indian defense and economy in the short and long run?(200w,10m,2014).




Agriculture( infrastructure and e-technology):-Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.
Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and
downstream requirements, supply chain management.

  • . There is also a point of view that Agricultural Produce Market Committees (APMCs) set up under the State Acts have not only impeded the development of agriculture but also have been the cause of food inflation in India. Critically examine.(200w,12.5,2014)
  • "In the villages itself no form of credit organization will be suitable except the cooperative society." —All India Rural Credit Survey.Discuss this statement in the background of agricultural finance in India. What constraints and challenges do financial institutions supplying agricultural finance face? How can technology be used to better reach and serve rural clients?(200w,12.5m,2014)





Agriculture(MSP & related issue):- Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security;Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

  •    What are the different types of agriculture subsidies given to farmers at the national and at state levels? Critically analyse the agricultural subsidy regime with reference to the distortions created by it(200w,10m,2013)
  •  India needs to strengthen measures to promote the pink revolution in food industry for ensuring better nutrition and health. Critically elucidate the statement.(200w,10m,2013)


Agriculture(land Reform):- Land reforms in India.

  •  Establish relationship between land reforms, agricultural productivity and elimination of poverty in the Indian economy. Discuss the difficulties in designing and implementation of agriculture – friendly land reforms in India. (200w,10m,2013)





Science & Technology(Awareness & Indians achievement):-Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life• Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

  •  What do you understand by Fixed Dose drug Combinations (FDCs)? Discuss their merits and demerits(200w,10m,2013)
  •  Bringing out the circumstances in 2005 which forced amendment to the section 3(d) in Indian Patent Law, 1970, discuss how it has been utilized by the Supreme Court in its judgement in rejecting Novartis’ patent application for ‘Glivec’. Discuss briefly the pros and cons of the decision.(200w,10m,2013)
  • What do you understand by Umpire Decision Review System in cricket? Discuss its various components. Explain how silicone tape on the edge of a bat may fool the system(200w,10m,2013)
  • a) What is a digital signature? What does its authentication mean? Give various salient built-in features of a digital signature.  b) How does the 3D printing technology work? List out the advantages and disadvantages of the technology.(200w,10m,2013)
  • a) What is an FRP composite material? How are they manufactured? Discuss their application in aviation and automobile industries. b) What do you understand by Run-of-river hydroelectricity project? How is it different from any other hydroelectricity project? (200w,10m,2013)
  • Can overuse and free availability of antibiotics without Doctor's prescription, be contributors to the emergence of drug-resistant disease's in India? What are the available mechanisms for monitoring and control? Critically discuss the various issues involved.(200w,10m,2014)
  •  In a globalized world, Intellectual Property Rights assume significance and are a source of litigation. Broadly distinguish between the terms—Copyrights, Patents and Trade Secrets.(200w,10m,2014)


Environment:- Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.Disaster and disaster management.

  •  How important are vulnerability and risk assessment for pre-disaster management? As an administrator, what are key areas that you would focus on in a Disaster Management System?(200w,10m,2013)
  •   What are the consequences of Illegal mining? Discuss the Ministry of Environment and Forest’s concept of GO AND NO GO zones for coal mining sector. (200w,10m,2013)
  • Enumerate the National Water Policy of India. Taking river Ganges as an example, discuss the strategies which may be adopted for river water pollution control and management. What are the legal provisions of management and handling of hazardous wastes in India(200w,10m,2013)
  • Should the pursuit of carbon credits and clean development mechanisms set up under UNFCCC be maintained even though there has been a massive slide in the value of a carbon credit? Discuss with respect to India's energy needs for economic growth.(200w,10m,2014)
  • Drought has been recognized as a disaster in view of its spatial expanse, temporal duration, slow onset and lasting effects on vulnerable sections. With a focus on the September 2010 guidelines from the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA), discuss the mechanisms for preparedness to deal with likely El Nino and La Nina fallouts in India (200w,10m,2014)
  • Environmental Impact Assessment studies are increasingly undertaken before a project is cleared by the Government. Discuss the environmental impacts of coal-fired thermal plants located at coal pitheads.(200w,10m,2014)


Security(extremists):-Linkages between development and spread of extremism.

  •  Article 244 of the Indian Constitution relates to administration of schedules area and tribal areas.  Analyse the impact of non-implementation of the provisions of the Fifth schedule on the growth of Left Wing extremism.(200w,10m,2013)
  • "The diverse nature of India as a multi-religious and multi-ethnic society is not immune to the impact of radicalism which is seen in her neighbourhood." Discuss along with strategies to be adopted to counter this environment..(200w,10m,2014)





 Security(State & non state actor,Challenges):-Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention  Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism.
  • Money laundering poses a serious security threat to a country’s economic sovereignty. What is its significance for India and what steps are required to be taken to control this menace?(200w,10m,2013)
  • What are social networking sites and what security implications do these sites present?(200w,10m,2013)
  • Cyber warfare is considered by some defense analysts to be a larger threat than even Al Qaeda or terrorism. What do you understand by Cyber warfare? Outline the cyber threats which India is vulnerable to and bring out the state of the country’s preparedness to deal with the same.(200w,10m,2013)
  • How far are India’s internal security challenges linked with border management particularly in view of the long porous borders with most countries of South Asia and Myanmar? (200w,10m,2013)
  • International civil aviation laws provide all countries complete and exclusive sovereignty over the airspace above their territory. What do you understand by 'airspace? What are the implications of these laws on the space above this airspace? Discuss the challenges which this poses and suggest ways to contain the threat.(200w,10m,2014)
  • How does illegal transborder migration pose a threat to India's security? Discuss the strategies to curb this, bringing out the factors which give impetus to such migration.(200w,10m,2014)
  • In 2012, the longitudinal marking for high-risk areas for piracy was moved from 65 degrees east to 78 degrees east in the Arabian Sea by the International Maritime Organization. What impact does this have on India's maritime security concerns?(200w,10m,2014)
  • China and Pakistan have entered into an agreement for development of an economic corridor. What threat does this pose for India's security? Critically examine.(200w,10m,2014)

Security(Forces and their mandate):- Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.





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