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Thursday, August 29, 2019

arts & culture-classical dance-Prelims booster quiz answer day-07

 1.With reference to Manipuri Sankirtana, consider the following statements:
1. It is a song and dance performance.
2. Cymbals are the only musical instruments used in the performance.
3. It is performed to narrate the life and deeds of Lord Krishna.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1, 2 and 3
(b) 1 and 3 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1 only
Manipuri Dance 

  • Theme – Vaishanvites and Shaivism – Rasleela, Ramleela 
  • Based on rituals( birth, marriage), festivals, martial art etc – Lai Haroba, Thang-ta, Sankirtana Maibas, Meiteis- priests and priestess 
  • Tandava & Lasya 
  • Manipuri classical style of singing is called Nat 
  • Light body movts; arm movts graceful  Musical instruments – Pung, cymbals, flute 

2.With reference to the famous Sattriya dance, consider the following statements:
1. Sattriya is a combination of music, dance and drama.
2. It is a centuries-old living tradition of Vaishnavites of Assam.
3. It is based on classical Ragas and Talas of devotional songs composed by Tulsidas, Kabir and Mirabai.
Which of the statements given above is /are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
Sattriya Dance
 Assam, 15th Century
 Music, dance and drama
 Main theme – Radha krishna
 Associated with Shankaradeva(Vaishnivism)
 Tandava and lasya
 Originally performed in sattras (monastery)
 Governed by strictly laid down principles of hastamudras,
footwork, aharya, ,music

3. "In the context of cultural history of India, a pose in dance and dramatics called „Tribhanga‟ has been a favourite of Indian artists from ancient times till today"
 Which one of the following statements best describes this pose?
(a) One leg is bent and the body is slightly but oppositely curved at waist and neck.
(b)Facial expressions, hand gestures and make-up are combined to symbolize certain epic or historic characters.
(c)Movements of body, face and hands are used to express oneself or to tell a story.
(d) A little smile, slightly curved waist and certain hand gestures are emphasized to express the feelings of love or eroticism."

Oddisi Dance
 Dance and drama
 Postures – Tribhanga & Chowk
 Maharis and gotipua tradition
 Temple & court dance
 Based on Geetagovinda (Jayadeva)
 Pakhwaj, Sitar Flute

4. How do you distinguish between Kuchipudi and Bharatnatyam dances?
 1. Dancers occasionally speaking dialogues is found in Kuchipudi dance but not in Bharatnatyam.
 2. Dancing on the brass plate by keeping the feet on its edges is a feature of Bharatnatyam but Kuchipudi dance does not have such a form of movements.
 Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
Bharartanatyam – Tamil Nadu
 Bha (gestures), Ra (music, raga), Ta (Tala, rhythm), Natya(drama)
 Textual reference – Bharatmuni‟s Natyashastra; Abhinaya Darpan
of Nandikeshwara; Silpathikaram
 Origin in temples - Chidambaram temples sculptures (devdasi)
 Hand gestures, mudras very imp and body movts
 Aka Ekharya –where a dancer performs many roles
 No Vachikabhinya- no lip movt.
 Lasya
 Attire flame like
Kuchipudi – Andhra Pradesh
 Traced back to Kuchelapuram village ( mix of folk traditions)
 Performed by the priests of this village in temples
 Theme – Bhagvat Purana ( life of krishna)
 Tarangam – dancing on brass plate and pot on head – balance
 Solo and group dance
 Vachikabhinya – lip movt.
 Carnatic music
 Tandava and lasya

5. Bimbavati Devi is a well-known dancer of which type of dance?
(a) Manipuri
(b) Bharat Natyam
(c) Kuchipudi
(d) Odissi

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