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Thursday, August 22, 2019

Arts and culture-Prelims booster quiz answers day-01

Q1. With reference to the religious history of India, consider the following statements:
 1. Sautrantika and Sammitiya were the sects of Jainism.
 2. Sarvastivadin held that the constituents of phenomena were not wholly momentary, but existed forever in a latent form.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
 (a) 1 only
 (b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
ans-B
  • It lists Sautrantikas and Sammtiyas as Buddhism sects. So first statement is wrong.
  • This sect of Buddhism believes that all things exist, and exist continuously, in the past and the future as well as in the present.  So second statement is right.

 Q2.The painting of Bodhisattva Padmapani is one of the most famous and oft-illustrated paintings at
 (a) Ajanta
 (b) Badami
(c) Bagh
(d) Ellora

ans-A
New NCERT, Std. 11. An Introduction to Indian Art ( Page 54 shows big photo with caption: Padmapani boddhisattva at ajanta Cave no. 1)
Padmapani boddhisattva
Padmapani boddhisattva 

Q3. With reference to the religious history of India, consider the following statements :
1. The concept of Bodhisattva is central to Hinayana sect of Buddhism.
2. Bodhisattva is a compassionate one on his way to enlightenment.
3. Bodhisattva delays achieving his own salvation to help all sentient beings on their path to it.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
 (b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 2 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

ans-B
Mahayana Buddhism :- focuses on the idea of compassion and bodhisattvas, which are beings that work out of compassion to liberate other sentient beings from their suffering, as central devotional figures. 

Q4.Which of the following kingdoms were associated with the life of the Buddha?
 1. Avanti
2. Gandhara
 3. Kosala
 4. Magadha
Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
(a) 1, 2 and 3 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1, 3 and 4

(d) 3 and 4 only

ans-D
We have read that Pasenadi (Prasenajit), king of Kosala, was the Buddha’s contemporary and is frequently mentioned in Pali texts. Kosala and Magadha were linked through matrimonial ties. Buddha wandered through the towns and villages in the kingdoms of Kosala and Magadha teaching his philosophy. Gandhara is not directly associated with the life of Buddha. It was expansion of Maurya empire that Gandhara received much Buddhist influence, notably during the reign of Asoka.

Q5. Which one of the following describes best the concept of Nirvana in Buddhism?
(a) The extinction of the flame of desire
(b) The complete annihilation of self
(c) A state of bliss and rest

(d) A mental stage beyond all comprehension
ans-A
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