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Wednesday, July 24, 2019

Land Revenue Systems in British India


Land Revenue Systems in British India
Land Revenue Systems in British India


 Land Revenue Systems in British India is always a important topic for Prelims and Mains. And as per the new syllabus ‘land reforms in India’ is specifically mentioned for GS Mains, and the relevance just got multiplied.We need to focus multiple land revenue systems and their features.

Land Revenue Systems Before British Rule:-


In the early history of all countries, land was either the only or the main source of revenue.But the ownership pattern of land had witnessed changes over centuries.During Kingship, land was divided into Jagirs, Jagirs were alloted to Jagirdars, these Jagirdars divided the land they got and allocated to sub-ordinate Zamindars.
Zamindars made peasants cultivate the land, in-return collected part of their revenue as tax.

Land Revenue Systems in British India:
Three major systems of land revenue collection existed in India.they were
  • Zaminidari
  • Ryotwari 
  • Mahalwari.

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