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Saturday, July 20, 2019

HISTORICAL UNDERPINNINGS, EVOLUTION, FEATURES, AMENDMENTS, SIGNIFICANT PROVISIONS AND BASIC STRUCTURE

HISTORICAL UNDERPINNINGS, EVOLUTION, FEATURES, AMENDMENTS, SIGNIFICANT PROVISIONS AND BASIC STRUCTURE

HISTORICAL UNDERPINNINGS & EVOLUTION:-

  • Regulating act of 1773 
  • Pitts India act 1784 • Charter act 1813,1833,1853 
  • Government of India act 1858
  •  Indian council act 1861 
  • GOI act of 1909 
  • GOI act of 1919 
  • Simon commission 
  • GOI act 1935
  • Independence act 1947
  • Composition and formation of constituent assembly
  • Communal awards 
  •  Nehru report 
  • Evolution of structural aspect , philosophical and political aspect of constitution 
  •  Sources of Indian constitution 
  •  Committees of constituent assembly 
  •  Important debates of constitute assembly (debate on secularism; accountability; governor powers; judicial review etc)

FEATURES
  • Lengthiest written constitution(factors responsible for elephantine size of constitution) 
  • Rigidity and flexibility
  •  Federal system with unitary bias
  • Parliamentary form of government 
  • Parliamentary sovereignty vs. judicial supremacy 
  • Integrated and independent judiciary
  •  India is a secular state 
  • Universal adult franchise(comparative study of UAF granted by USA,UK,INDIA) 
  • Single citizenship 
  • Three tier government
Amendments 
  • Procedure for amendments 
  • Types of amendments 
  • Amenability of fundamental rights
  •  Important amendments(7th 42nd,44th,73rd,74th, 100,101st) 
  • Important pending amendments(123rd,108th etc) 
  • Comparison of amendment procedure under the Indian constitution with others 
Basic structure
  • Ingredients of basic structure 
  • Origin and evolution of concept of basic structure in India 
  • Judicial activism in defining and extending the definition of basic structure (various cases and their impact)
  • Need to enlarge scope of basic structure









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