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Wednesday, July 10, 2019

Economic Impact of British Colonial Rule Topic wise questions



:(a) Land revenue settlements in British India; The Permanent Settlement; Ryotwari Settlement; Mahalwari Settlement; Economic impact of the revenue arrangements; Commercialization of agriculture; Rise of landless agrarian labourers; Impoverishment of the rural society.

(b) Dislocation of traditional trade and commerce; De-industrialisation; Decline of traditional crafts; Drain of wealth; Economic transformation of India; Railroad and communication network including tele-graph and postal services; Famine and poverty in the rural interior; European business enterprise and its limitations

IAS previous years and some model important question for history optional.(a) Land revenue settlements in British India



  •  “The Permanent Settlement of land revenue in Bengal was a‚ bold, brave and wise measure.” Comment. [1983, 20m]
  • “The permanent system of Bengal though initiated with best of best of intentions, was a sadly blundering aairs.” [1993, 20m]
  • “Permanent Settlement disappointed many expectations and introduced there results that were not anticipated.” Comment. [2004, 20m]
  • “Though the Permanent Settlement had serious defects, it gave tranquility to the countryside and stability to the government.” Comment. [2009, 20m]
  • What role did economic ideas play in the early phase of the British rule in the shaping of land tenure policy?
  • “Ryotwari falls into three stages – early, middle and late, and the only description common to all is that it is a mode of settlement with small farmers, so small, indeed, that their average holding is, on recent gures, only about 6 ½ acres,” Critically examine. [2013, 10m]
  • “The passing of the land from the hands of the peasant proprietors into the hands of non-cultivating landlords brought about increasing polarization of classes in agrarian areas.” critically examine.[2018, 10m]
  • In British India “the impact of the government on the people meant essentially the impact of government on the village.”Comment [1984, 20m] 
  • The Indian Middle Class rmly believed that “Britain had imposed a colonial economy on India which had impoverished the country.” Comment. [1999, 20m]
  • “So Long as the millions live in hunger and ignorance , I hold every man a traitor who having been educated at their expense, pay not the least need to them.” Comment. [2006, 20m]
  • “A self-sucient village, based on agriculture carried on with the primitive plough and bullockpower, and handicraft by means of simple instruments, was a basic feature of pre-British Indian economy.” Comment. [2006, 20m]
  • To what extent did the process of commercialization of agriculture aect the rural scene in India?
  • “Plantations and mines, jutes, banking, insurance, shipping and export-import concerns in India were run through a system of interlocking managing agencies.” Critically examine. [2012, 10m]
  • Write a critical note on: “Consequences of the ruin of handicraft industries under the rule of the East India Company.” [1981, 20m]
  • “The hey-day of the British power in India was also the high noon of laissez faire’ economic doctrine.” Comment. [1990, 20m]
  • “The British Raj had a deeply racist aspect and it ultimately existed to protect colonial exploitation.” Comment. [1994, 20m]
  • “The British industrial policy in the nineteenth century ruined the Indian handicrafts.” Comment. [2001, 20m]
  • “Instead of serving as the catalyst of an industrial revolution as in Western Europe and the USA, acted in India as ‘the catalyst of complete colonization.” Examine. [2012, 10m]
  • “The role of the East India Company proved disastrous to the handicraft industry in India for a number of reasons.” Comment. [1991, 20m]
  • “Under the forceful thrust of British colonialism, Indian economy was transformed into a colonial one, the structure of which was determined by the requirements of Britain’s fast developing industrial economy.” Examine. [2015, 20m]
  • “Weaving”, says R.C. Dutt, “was the national industry of the people and spinning was the pursuit of millions of women.” Indian textiles went to England and other parts of Europe, to china and Japan and Burma and Arabia and Persia and parts of Africa. Elucidate. [2013, 25m]
  • “Our system acts very much like a sponge, drawing up all the good things from the banks of the Ganges, and squeezing them down on the banks of the Thames.” Comment. [1985, 20m]
  • “The need for a unilateral transfer of funds to Britain was constant factor and, in fact, progressively increased over time.” Critically evaluate. [2011, 20m]
  • Write a critique on the impact of the Drain Theory of Dadabhai Nauroji in the growth of economic nationalism.
  • “Railway development in India provides an interesting instance of private enterprise at public risk.” Comment. [2010, 20m]
  • “India underwent suering and mortality in the wake of recurring famines’ in the later half of the 19th century.” Comment. [2003, 20m]
  • Critically examine the causes responsible for the phenomenon called de-industrialisation' in India during the nineteenth century. [2016, 20m]
  • "The British railway construction policy in India benefited British economy in nineteenth century "critically examine.[2017, 10m]

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